PT INALUM (Persero) is very concerned with the pollution control to avoid the impact from the operation of the smelter. A big investment has been made for environmental management of its activity, especially for emission control system as an integral part of the operation of Smelter.
The smelter is equipped with Gas Cleaning System to avoid the pollution caused by exhaust gas including fluoride and dust from reduction plant as well as SOx and tar from Anode Baking Plant. It also has 27 units of dry scrubbing connected to the three pot lines. For treatment of gas emission, alumina is sprayed into the gas stream which contains fluoride. Almost all fluoride in the gas reacts with alumina and becomes absorbed by it. The fluoride enriched alumina and other particulate matters are then returned to smelter pots while the cleaned gas is discharged through a chimney. In addition to its benefit to the environment, this recovery and recycling of fluoride also result in significant saving and almost offset the cost of running the Dry Scrubbing System.
The company applies R3 concept, reduction, Recovery, and Recycling. All materials involved, from raw materials to final product can be recycled in production process.
The company also keeps monitoring the pollutants at smelter area as well as at its surrounding. The monitoring is regularly made on fluoride emission in the air, plants and soil and also on SOx in the air. Water quality has been also being monitored meticulously.
PT INALUM (Persero) is one of the aluminium smelters having environmental conception to keep its commitment to decrease Greenhouse Gas Emission.
CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) is one of the mechanisms to Decrease Greenhouse Gas Emission Based
on Kyoto Protocol (1997), developed countries commit to decrease Greenhouse Emission at least 5% from the condition of 1990 which will be executes from 2008 to 2012 because the increase of Greenhouse Gas emission can cause global climate changes.
CDM is one of the mechanisms to decrease Greenhouse Emission involving developed and developing countries in the world and Inalum as one of the industries in developing countries (Indonesia) takes part to implement CDM.
Initiative of Aluminium Smelter Industry to Decrease Greenhouse Gas Emission
An initiative has widely spread all over aluminium smelters in the world to decrease Greenhouse Gas Emission, especially PFC (Perflourocarbon). Based on “IAI Sustainability Report” 2006, PFC emission from global aluminium smelters has been decreased 76% per ton aluminum which is produced from 1990 to 2005.
Decreasing Potential for PFC Emission at PT INALUM (Persero)
Now, PT INALUM (Persero) produces around 250,000 tons aluminium per year.
Potential activity to decrease PFC emission in by decreasing Anode Effect (AE). To execute the activity, PT INALUM (Persero) has already improved operational control system which can decrease the frequency, duration and over voltage of Anode Effect (AE).
Anode Effect is condition produced by polarization of the anode in the electrolysis of fused salts and characterized by a sudden increase in voltage and a corresponding decrease in amperage and alumina level fused in the reduction cells is abnormal (≤ 1%)
PT INALUM (Persero) has made an agreement with an independent consultant, South Pole Ltd. Switzerland, collaborated with CER Indonesia to assist the implementation of CDM project and the effort is fully supported by BAPEDALDASU (North Sumatra Environmental Impact Management Agency) and Mitra Hijau.
Through CDM, some of the decreasing of Greenhouse Emission potential can be claimed as CER (Certified Emission Reduction).
Aspect of Sustainable Development
CDM project of PT INALUM (Persero) has fulfilled all criteria and indicator of sustainable development as follows: